Journalism changed and evolved in the country over time considering the wide scale build up of industries over the regions of the world has been eminent. The medium Journalism is practiced also transformed: oral communication to written information down to the development of print media to redefined electronic media and finally to the present day convergence wherein every medium co-exists.
What is Journalism? As the oxford dictionary defines it, Journalism is the activity or profession of writing for newspapers or magazines or of broadcasting news on radio or television. It is a way of disseminating valuable information to institute a well-informed public. It aims to vanquish ignorance through making people aware with the current happenings inside and outside the country.
With the practice of Journalism comes the fragile notion of the freedom to express. Everyone having the right to freedom of expression got everyone confused about what Journalism really is. Now that technology has offered numerous platforms open for anyone to speak up, everyone seems to be considered as “journalists”.
The definition and purpose of Journalism also evolved. “Quality Journalism is under threat”. Some do not consider it to be a profession anymore because others are able to exercise it freely. Anyone who has access to the Internet can publish their side of the stories for different purposes: some publish for fame, others for their own biased agendas and there are still those who stick to the purpose of communicating the truth to the public.
Before the age of modernity and the milestones that technology reached, Journalism was limited to those who are able to write news stories and published them on newspapers. The country already had newspapers during the Spanish regime, which were black propagandas Filipinos used against the Spaniards. This continued on through the American and Japanese occupation in the country, but with the addition of the radio and television. Journalism was used as an influential tool to help free the country from the colonizers. It awakened the Filipinos to form upheavals making it a powerful manifestation of nationalism. During the People Power Revolution and EDSA dos, Journalism played an important role too. The late president Ferdinand Marcos through the establishment of Martial Law even recognized the threat Journalism brought that is why newspapers, except for those under the president, were banned from publishing.
The propagandistic form of Journalism is still visible. Now, it is not limited in traditional print and broadcast media, but widely conveyed in the Internet.
There also came a time when Journalism was monopolized. The same business tycoons owned the broadcasting companies and publications. Somehow, this is still thriving, but not as much as before.
Information travels faster today and anyone is able to publish information online through online publications like blogs, facebook posts or tweets making Journalism look like an easy task. What’s separating the so-called semi-profession Journalism from the mere freedom of expression is the content people publish. In the content, it is where credibility is found.